MAP Grant Should Continue; Reconsider Who Would Utilize the Program
Published on January 2 2013 8:25 pm
Last Updated on July 14 2013 4:07 pm
Written by Greg Sapp
In a report delivered to the General Assembly on Monday, the Monetary Award Program (MAP) Task Force cautioned that increased demand for the successful program, coupled with rapidly increasing tuition and fees and flat program appropriations, have stretched MAP’s ability to provide sufficient grant aid to all students who are eligible to receive it.
That was one of 11 broad conclusions reached by the 18-member MAP task force following six months of deliberations and six public meetings held in Bloomington-Normal, Chicago and Springfield.
“While MAP is one of the state’s most successful public policy initiatives and while the state has attempted to prioritize MAP funding in difficult budget times, approximately 50 percent of eligible students do not receive a grant due to limited resources,” said Task Force Chair Eric Zarnikow. Zarnikow is executive director of the Illinois Student Assistance Commission (ISAC).
“MAP has been instrumental in the state’s current level of workforce credential attainment of 43 percent - among the top 10 states for this measure - and is critical to increasing this percentage to meet the state goal of 60 percent by 2025,” Mr. Zarnikow added.
To assist the task force, ISAC staff developed over 100 data-driven scenarios that predicted outcomes from potential changes in eligibility requirements. This modeling included concepts offered by institutions, sectors, public officials and the public. Scenarios were also developed to understand how any changes would affect state efforts to attain key higher education policy goals; (1) to increase the number of credentialed workers in the workforce to 60 percent by 2025; and (2) to reduce the achievement gaps that lower-income and minority students experience to less than 10 percent.
While the task force could not agree on any new broad allocation methodology that could allocate resources any more fairly or efficiently than the current method, it did reach consensus about several potential programmatic changes and areas for continuing research.
“As the task force discovered, there is no simple one-size-fits-all solution. However, the task force did reach a number of important conclusions that can inform future programmatic administrative rule change considerations,” Mr. Zarnikow added.
The main conclusions include:
• MAP is a very successful program and is a good value for the state;
• The single biggest problem for MAP is insufficient funding;
• Facilitating access to college for low-income, often first generation students should be MAP’s primary goal, as there are many other efforts that support completion goals for all students;
• MAP dollars should go to the students from the lowest income families;
• The MAP application processing deadline needs to be extended for returning older, non-traditional students or first-time students unfamiliar with the application process;
• MAP recipients could benefit from additional nonfinancial support such as financial aid and academic counseling, both before starting and while attending a postsecondary school; and
• Future decisions about MAP would benefit from more research about the optimal level of student financial aid to most efficiently incent attendance and completion.
The report notes that in 2002, the maximum award covered the average cost of tuition and fees at an Illinois public university; in FY2013, it covers about 37 percent of the cost. In 2002, MAP completely covered the cost of community college tuition and fees. Currently, the maximum award for community college students covers about 51 percent of the cost.
The task force was created by Senate Joint Resolution 69 (SJR 69), adopted by both chambers of the Illinois General Assembly during the spring 2012 session that called on the Illinois Student Assistance Commission (ISAC) “to convene a task force to deliberate options for the adoption of new rules for MAP, … with the goal of improving the outcomes for students who receive these awards …” SJR 69 further delineated 3 additional goals:
• Improvement in the partnerships between the states and institutions offering postsecondary education;
• Improving the overall effectiveness of MAP grants in helping students of need not only enter college, but complete a degree program; and
• Recognizing that all colleges and universities have different student populations and varying missions that are inherently good and valuable.
SJR 69 also directed the task force to consider 3 specific concepts:
• That institutional eligibility to participate in MAP be based, in part, on its ability to improve its MAP-grant students' progress toward a degree or its recipients’ completion rate;
• That student eligibility to receive a grant be based, in part, on ability to demonstrate academic success and progress; and
• That an institution's eligibility be based, in part, on its ability to demonstrate that it is providing financial aid to students from its own resources.
The complete report as well as all public submissions and reference documents will be posted to the ISAC website the afternoon of Wednesday, January 2, 2013.